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Titel: Applying RCS and SCCS
Autor/en: Don Bolinger, Tan Bronson
Autor/en: Don Bolinger, Tan Bronson
O'REILLY & ASSOC INC
März 1995 - kartoniert - 528 Seiten
Applying RCS and SCCS tells you how to manage a complex software development project using RCS and SCCS. The book tells you much more than how to use each command; it's organized in terms of increasingly complex management problems, from simple source management, to managing multiple releases, to coordinating teams of developers on a project involving many files and more than one target platform.
Few developers use RCS or SCCS alone; most groups have written their own extensions for working with multiperson, multiplatform, multifile, multirelease projects. Part of this book, therefore, discusses how to design your own tools on top of RCS or SCCS, both covering issues related to "front-ending" in general, and by describing TCCS, one such set of tools (available via FTP). This book also provides an overview of CVS, SPMS, and other project management environments.
Preface Chapter 1. Source and Project Control The Source File Modification Cycle Introduction to Source Control The Goals of Source Control The Development Process Introduction to Project Control The Goals of Project Control Introduction to TCCS TCCS in Later Chapters Chapter 2. The Basics of Source Control Putting Files Under Source Control Some Conventions Source Control Using Archive Files Chapter 3. Basic Source Control Using RCS Background Conventions Basic RCS Commands Summary Chapter 4. Basic Source Control Using SCCS Background Conventions Basic SCCS Commands Summary Chapter 5. Extending Source Control to Multiple Releases Adding Releases to a Development Process The Structure of Archive Files Changing Branches in Parallel Classifying Revision Numbers Beyond RCS and SCCS: Working with Views Beyond RCS and SCCS: & Applying Multiple Branches Chapter 6. Applying RCS to Multiple Releases RCS Revision Trees Operations Between Tree Branches Chapter 7. Applying SCCS to Multiple Releases SCCS Revision Trees Operations Between Tree Branches Chapter 8. Managing the Mechanics of Releases Applying Revision Numbers Marking Revisions Identifying Revisions Removing Unneeded Source File Revisions Chapter 9. Release Mechanics in RCS Applying Revision Trees: Single-Branch & Development More on Revision Characteristics Specifying Revisions to RCS Commands Marking Revisions Outdating Revisions Identification Keywords Getting Information on Archive Files Chapter 10. Release Mechanics in SCCS Applying Revision Trees: Single-Branch & Development Revision and Archive File Characteristics Determining the Ancestry of a Working File Virtual Snapshots in SCCS Outdating Revisions Identification Keywords Getting Information on Archive Files Validating Archive Files Chapter 11. Extending Source Control to Multiple Developers Controlling Access to Files Controlling File Access Under Source Control Coordinating Multiple Streams & of Development Chapter 12. Applying RCS to Multiple Developers File Protection in RCS Access Lists in RCS Controlling Locks Recording Who's Using a File Chapter 13. Applying SCCS to Multiple Developers Installing SCCS as Setuid Access Lists in SCCS Controlling Changes to an Archive File Chapter 14. Creating Front-Ends for RCS or SCCS Installing and Interfacing to a Front-End What Front-Ends Are Good For Applying setuid to Front-Ends Chapter 15. Going Further with Source Control Raw RCS/SCCS Simple Front-Ends Layering on Top of RCS/SCCS Independent Products Chapter 16. Moving from Source Control to Project Control Roles in the Development Process Supporting the Developer's Roles How Projects Support Development Jobs Project Etiquette Chapter 17. Contents of a Project Going Beyond the Sources The Project as a Whole The Project Root The Checkpoint Tree The Build Tree The Work Area Toolsets Chapter 18. Administering a Project Defining a Project Root with mkroot Creating Checkpoints Controlling Access to Checkpoints Controlling Checkpoint Population Defining a Toolset Naming a Platform Description Defining a Build Tree Deleting and Pruning TCCS Trees Chapter 19. Makefile Support for Projects The Structured Use of make Approaches to Building Software Choosing a make (None Are Perfect) Creating the Internal make Support for wamake Guidelines for Makefile Creation Summary Chapter 20. Using Work Areas Extending the Example Working on a Project: Preliminaries Using a Work Area--Getting Started Naming a Work Area Creating a Source-Only Work Area Using Work Areas--More Examples Sharing a Work Area Adding a Build Tree to Your Work Area Removing and Cleaning Up Work Areas Release Engineer\(enOnly Commands Chapter 21. Extensions for Cross-Development An Example of Multi-Platform Software Target-Specific Files Managing Your Defines Multiple Target Platforms Under TCCS Multiple Platform Descriptions & in a Single Project Chapter 22. Structuring the Build Process Where Should make Run? Dividing the Build into Phases More on Using install and share Chapter 23. Existing Layers on RCS and SCCS sccs--The BSD Front-End VC--An Emacs Front-End to RCS and SCCS UBE--UTek Build Environment SPMS--Software Project Management System PTOOLS--Using SCCS Modification Requests Aegis--Development with Constant Testing CCSLAND--Configuration Control & System Land ODE and the btools--Distributed, Nested Build System CVS--Concurrent Version System MK--A Configuration Management Concept Boxes, Links, and Parallel Trees Summary Appendix A. RCS Quick Reference Command-Line Conventions Key Operations Appendix B. SCCS Quick Reference Command-Line Conventions Key Operations Appendix C. RCS and SCCS Compared Revision Storage in Archive Files Support for Marking Revisions Support for Archive File Branches Check-in Validation Keyword Handling Command-Line Conventions Support for Changing Your Mind Support for Non-UNIX Environments Appendix D. RCS Details in Depth Choosing Comment Leader Strings Using Different RCS Versions Another Look at How co and ci & Choose Revisions Appendix E. SCCS Details in Depth More on Identification Keywords More on prs Data Specifiers Another Look at How get Chooses Revisions Appendix F. RCS/SCCS Internals RCS Internals SCCS Internals Appendix G. Changes in RCS Version 5.7 New or Changed Features New or Changed Command Options Appendix H. References Index
Don Bolinger is a software engineer in the Research Institute of the Open Software Foundation, where he works with the Mach microkernel and serverized UNIX systems. He has labored on, in, and under various UNIX-like environments for around 15 years. His first exposure to project control came long ago via an m4-based front-end to make, which demonstrated how easy and useful (not to say necessary) it is to write such extensions under UNIX. Subsequent work on many other tools taught him the value of discipline and a healthy respect for prior art, both of which he hopes this book manages to pass along. Don got his B.A. in English from Yale University, and finds natural languages just as engaging as the programming kind. He enjoys French history, culture, and wine (not necessarily in that order).
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