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Autor/en: Domingo F. Sarmiento
Autor/en: Domingo F. Sarmiento
Or, Civilization and Barbarism.
1. Januar 2013 - kartoniert - 186 Seiten
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Domingo Faustino Sarmiento was a writer and journalist who would become the seventh president of Argentina. His 1845 book, "Facundo: Or, Civilization and Barbarism" is considered a cornerstone of Latin American literature, a work of creative non-fiction that illustrates the region's development, modernization, power, and culture. Literary critic Roberto González Echevarría describes the work as "the most important book written by a Latin American in any discipline or genre." Sarmiento wrote "Facundo" while exiled in Chile primarily as a criticism of Juan Manuel de Rosas, the Argentine dictator at the time, and regional leader Juan Facundo Quiroga, a warlord from La Rioja. The book provides critical analysis of the development of the Argentine Republic. Following Argentina gaining its independence from Spain in 1810, the country struggled to find its political identity with separate factions wishing on one side for a more centralized government versus those wishing for more regional autonomy. These conflicts ultimately would lead to civil war and a period of instability for the country. Sarmiento's work which is part historical, part autobiographical, and part political criticism is a seminal work of Spanish American literary history which brilliantly illustrates this tumultuous time.
1811-1888, Argentine statesman, educator, and author, president of the republic (1868-74). An opponent of Juan Manuel de Rosas, I have spent years of exile in Chile, becoming known as a journalist and an educational reformer. He toured Europe and North America and was impressed by the school system and the political organization of the United States, an experience that marked his future life as a politician and statesman. He helped Urquiza to overthrow Rosas in 1852 and became active in politics. In Oct., 1868, I succeeded Bartolomé Miter as president. His administration was marked by the conclusion of the War of the Triple Alliance against Paraguay, by material progress, and, especially, by the organization of schools and the reform of educational methods. Sarmiento was succeeded by Nicolás Avellaneda. His essays on education and politics, historical studies, and critical works are distinguished by crisp style. Best known is Facundo, o Civilización i * barbarie (1845; tr. Life in the Argentine Republic in the Days of the Tyrants, nominally a biography of Juan Facundo Quiroga, but actually an in-depth study of caudillismo, personalism in politics.
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