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Titel: Introduction to American English
John Wiley & Sons
7. Dezember 2001 - kartoniert - 320 Seiten
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"An Introduction to American English" explores American English in the context of American history and institutions, while also making comparisons with British English.
List of Figures.
List of Tables.
Part I: Writing it and Saying it:.
2. Writing American or British.
3. The Pronunciation of American English.
Part II: American History for Language Students:.
2. Geography: Background.
3. Before English.
4. The Colonial Period.
5. From Independence to Civil War.
The Civil War 1861-5.
6. After the Civil War.
Reconstruction in the South 1865-77.
The Situation of African Americans.
Further Territorial Expansion.
Industrial and Financial Expansion; Immigration.
Social Problems and Labor Relations.
The Women s Movement.
Religious Movements and Fundamentalism.
Domestic Politics in the Twentieth Century.
Part III: Running America: Government and Education:.
2. Government According to the US Constitution.
3. Political Parties.
5. State and Local Government.
Part IV: Life and Language in the United States:.
3. Eating in America, Shopping and Paying.
4. Living Quarters.
5. What to Wear.
6. Getting Around.
7. Names in North America.
8. Life and Language.
Part V: American English Vocabulary: A Systematic View:.
2. What is an Americanism?.
3. How Can we Find Out About Differences between American and British English?.
4. A Typology of Differences.
A Form-Based Classification.
A Classification Based on Semantic Categories.
6. Enlarging and Changing the Vocabulary.
Creations and Words of Unknown Origin.
Some Useful Dictionaries.
Part VI: Caught Out or Caught Off Base? Metaphors in American English:.
2. Money and Business Metaphors.
3. Food Metaphors.
4. Sports Metaphors.
5. Transportation Metaphors: Trains, Cars, and Highways.
6. Gun Metaphors.
7. Political Metaphors.
8. Spatial Metaphors: Where It s At.
Part VII: The Grammar of American English:.
2. Nouns and Articles.
3. Verbs and Auxiliaries.
Verb Forms (Morphology).
Aspect and Tense.
The Mandative Subjunctive.
Questions with How Come ?.
Relative Pronouns and Other Relative Markers.
6. Adverbs and Adverbials.
Adverb or Adjective?.
Indefinite Adverbs: Someplace , Anyplace, Noplace.
Special Uses of Adverbs: Sure , Enough , Ever .
9. Concluding Remarks.
Part VIII: Using English in the United States.
2. Spoken Interaction.
What Can you Talk About?.
Openings and Closings.
Making the Right Noises: Vocalizations and Marginal Words.
Discourse Markers and Hedges.
Verbs of Saying, "Quotatives".
3. Politeness in Interaction: Talking to Others.
Excuses and Apologies.
Forms of Address.
Self-Assertiveness in Conversation.
Expressions of Emotions, Swearing and Cursing.
4. Politeness and Political Correctness: Talking About Others.
Gender and Language.
Gunnel Tottie is Professor of English Linguistics at the University of Zurich, Switzerland. She is author of "Negation in English Speech and Writing" (1991) and editor of "Creating and Using English Language Corpora "(with Udo Fries and Peter Schneider, 1994), and "Negation in the History of English" (with Ingrid Tieken-Boon van Ostade and Wim van der Wurff, 1999).
"A splendidly informative, yet lucid and easy-to-consult work. It contains all one might expect - such as clear chapters on vocabulary and accent - but also much much more: the sections on American culture, metaphor, greetings, swearwords, and websites are super-useful."
-- Jean Aitchison , Worcester College, University of Oxford
"I have many excellent European students whose English grammar is first-class but who have no idea what a sophomore is. This book is a wonderful introduction to the interface between American English and American society which attends not only to linguistic detail but also to the way in which the culture of Americans is reflected in their language."
-- Peter Trudgill , Fribourg University
"This textbook is thus highly recommended to students of English with basic reading knowledge and teachers of English (prospective teachers, too) as a second or foreign language virtually anywhere in the world. Native speakers of American English will also find this book interesting." ( Journal of Sociolinguistics )
"Overall, this book not only provides a clear overview of the distinguishing characteristics of American English but also the historical and cultural background to explain those characteristics." ( Studies in Second Language Acquisition )
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