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Titel: Experimental Researches in Electricity Volume 1
Autor/en: Michael Faraday
Autor/en: Michael Faraday
Books LLC, Reference Series
30. April 2013 - kartoniert - 228 Seiten
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Excerpt: ...upon the second of these; but when the current can pass, by favouring the electrolytic action it tends to diminish the former and increase the latter portion. 997. It is evident, therefore, that when ordinary zinc is used in a voltaic arrangement, there is an enormous waste of that power which it is the object to throw into the form of an electric current; a consequence which is put in its strongest point of view when it is considered that three ounces and a half of zinc, properly oxidized, can circulate enough electricity to decompose nearly one ounce of water, and cause the evolution of about 2100 cubic inches of hydrogen gas. This loss of power not only takes place during the time the electrodes of the battery are in communication, being then proportionate to the quantity of hydrogen evolved against the surface of any one of the zinc plates, but includes also all the chemical action which goes on when the extremities of the pile are not in communication. 998. This loss is far greater with ordinary zinc than with the pure metal, as M. De la Rive has shown 208 . The cause is, that when ordinary zinc is acted upon by dilute sulphuric acid, portions of copper, lead, cadmium, or other metals which it may contain, are set free upon its surface; and these, being in contact with the zinc, form small but very active voltaic circles, which cause great destruction of the zinc and evolution of hydrogen, apparently upon the zinc surface, but really upon the surface of these incidental metals. In the same proportion as they serve to discharge or convey the electricity back to the zinc, do they diminish its power of producing an electric current which shall extend to a greater distance across the acid, and be discharged only through the copper or platina plate which is associated with it for the purpose of forming a voltaic apparatus. 999. All these evils are removed by the employment of an amalgam of zinc in the manner recommended by Mr. Kemp 209 , or the use...
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