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Titel: El Chacho - Ultimo caudillo de la montonera de los llanos
Autor/en: Domingo F. Sarmiento
Autor/en: Domingo F. Sarmiento
19. Mai 2003 - kartoniert - 144 Seiten
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Sarmiento's book on General Ángel Vicente Peñaloza, the "Chacho", must be included among the testimonies of the difficulties that "civilization" usually faces to interact with "barbarism" without losing its status. In 1862, when Sarmiento was appointed governor of San Juan, the area was convulsed by the "Chacho" rebellion who, invoking the memory of his campaign alongside General Lavalle, had risen up against the national government in confidence that Urquiza would support him even if this meant betraying constitutional principles he had sworn to abide by. Sarmiento's position was not simple: his close friend Aberastain, who preceded him in the governorship, had recently been assassinated by henchmen of Juan Saa, another montonero caudillo who ruled the neighboring province of San Luis.
The political movement of President Bartolomé Miter was wise: by sending Sarmiento, a prestigious San Juan man and with great respect for individual rights, he ensured both the support of the local living forces and the contribution of an indefatigable fighter for the cause of « civilization". At the time of Peñaloza Sarmiento's capture, he had already left the conduct of the war and neither ordered nor was directly responsible for the episode, but in any case, the fact that he had received Major Pablo Irrázabal with honors after the execution without a trial Appropriate, added to the antecedent of previous letters written in moments of pain and anger after the murder of Aberastain, they decided to Miter to remove him from the environment, ask him to resign from the governorship in 1864 and send him on a diplomatic mission to Chile, Peru and the United States.
This resulted in an unexpected gift, since Sarmiento returned to Argentina as president-elect "in absentia" to lead one of the periods of greatest progress in the country's history.
This book, together with «Facundo, civilización y barbarie», represent the gaze of a person of extraordinary intelligence constrained by his own «civilization» on two of the most prominent representatives of «barbarism».
1811-1888, Argentine statesman, educator, and author, president of the republic (1868-74). An opponent of Juan Manuel de Rosas, I have spent years of exile in Chile, becoming known as a journalist and an educational reformer. He toured Europe and North America and was impressed by the school system and the political organization of the United States, an experience that marked his future life as a politician and statesman. He helped Urquiza to overthrow Rosas in 1852 and became active in politics. In Oct., 1868, I succeeded Bartolomé Miter as president. His administration was marked by the conclusion of the War of the Triple Alliance against Paraguay, by material progress, and, especially, by the organization of schools and the reform of educational methods. Sarmiento was succeeded by Nicolás Avellaneda. His essays on education and politics, historical studies, and critical works are distinguished by crisp style. Best known is Facundo, o Civilización i * barbarie (1845; tr. Life in the Argentine Republic in the Days of the Tyrants, nominally a biography of Juan Facundo Quiroga, but actually an in-depth study of caudillismo, personalism in politics.
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