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Titel: Turning up the Heat on Pain: TRPV1 Receptors in Pain and Inflammation
HC runder Rücken kaschiert.
HC runder Rücken kaschiert.
Herausgegeben von Annika B. Malmberg, Keith R. Bley
15. August 2005 - gebunden - 268 Seiten
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Despite tremendous advances in the understanding of the sensory nervous system which have accompanied the recent explosive growth of the neurosciences, rema- ably few innovative medicines directed towards pain and inflammation are ava- able. Indeed, many patients are still prescribed analgesic and anti-inflammatory medications that were identified long ago as components of herbal remedies. Si- larly, potential new medicines in clinical evaluation based on capsaicin and the c- saicin receptor are both grounded firmly on folk traditions and yet rely upon the most contemporary techniques of drug discovery and delivery. The first formal report of the pain-relieving properties of capsaicin appeared in 1850 . However, for centuries before this, capsaicin-containing extracts had been used as folk medicines in cultures with access to pepper plants, much in the same way as poppy or willow-bark extracts were. Despite widespread use, it was not until 1878 that the selective action of capsaicin on the sensory nervous system was r- ognized . In Chapter 1 of this volume, Janos Szolcsányi reviews this early research, which culminated with the seminal studies of Nicholas Jansco and his c- leagues in Hungary in the 1940s. Since then, capsaicin and related vanilloid c- pounds have played a prominent role in analgesia and inflammation investigations because of their ability to selectively activate a subpopulation of sensory neurons and produce sensations of pain and localized erythema.
Historical perspective on capsaicin and its receptor.- Hot peppers, pain and analgesics.- Molecular and cellular properties of vanilloid receptors.- Structural determinants of TRPV1 functionality.- TRPV1 distribution and regulation.- Pharmacology and physiology of vanilloid receptors.- Insights into TRPV1 pharmacology provided by non-capsaicin ligands.- Endocannabinoids and vanilloid TRPV1 receptors.- Vanilloid receptor-mediated hyperalgesia and desensitization.- Capsaicin in human experimental pain models of skin, muscle and visceral sensitization.- Vanilloid receptor involvement in disease states.- TRPV1 in gut function, abdominal pain and functional bowel disorders.- TRPV1 in the airways.- Therapeutic potential of vanilloid agonists and antagonists.- TRPV1 agonist-based therapies: mechanism of action and clinical prospects.- TRPV1 agonist therapies in bladder diseases.- TRPV1 antagonists and chronic pain.
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